The healing properties of Hemp is an extremely topical and controversial topic. We present which diseases and conditions can be treated with medical marijuana.
Hemp: The healing properties of cannabis
In medicine, cannabis and seeds are used, inter alia, in the form of dry smoke (vaporization, e.g. in the treatment of lung cancer or asthma) – Bedrobinol , Bedrocan , Bedica , dried tea (containing CBD), Sativex tablets – for the treatment of multiple sclerosis, capsules – Marinol for the treatment of anorexia and weight loss in patients patients with AIDS and nausea and vomiting accompanying chemotherapy, as well as oils, pastes and ointments containing THC and / or CBD.
These drugs are just a few of the ever-growing list of cannabis medications, all of them prescription drugs. You can also buy CBD-only pastes, ointments and oils in over-the-counter stores.
The oil containing CBD and / or THC is used in medicine as a drug or excipient in terminal states to relieve pain, stimulate the appetite or as a means of falling asleep.
Most often, however, we find Hemp is used in cancer treatment therapies (stimulating immunity, neutralizing cancer cells, stimulating appetite, inducing drowsiness, antidepressant properties), neurodegenerative (reducing spasticity, better sleep, greater appetite, antidepressant properties) in the treatment of drug-resistant epilepsy , glaucoma (reducing pressure in the eye) or asthma (can block muscle contractions caused by an acetylcholine molecule).
CBD is a broad-spectrum, naturally occurring cannabinol found in cannabis . It has no side effects, so it can be safely used in high doses, according to tests up to 600mg / day. Some of the issues raised in recent research include chronic pain and inflammation, schizophrenia, migraines, rheumatism, cramps and epilepsy, and cancer.
The use of hemp in medicine
Due to its medicinal properties , Hemp is used in medicine:
- antiemetic – helps to fight nausea and reduce the gag reflex;
- antipsychotic – relieves symptoms of mental illnesses;
- anti-inflammatory – it is helpful in fighting all kinds of inflammatory diseases;
- antioxidant – important in the fight against neurodegenerative diseases;
- anti-cancer – has a proven effect in fighting tumors and cancer cells;
- increases the effect of THC while eliminating its side effects
- antidepressants – helpful in combating depression and anxiety;
- anticonvulsants – which helps to inhibit or reduce the activity of seizures.
THC, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, is the main component of marijuana (from about 8% to 20% of cannabinoids), which is found in all parts of the marijuana plant, and its highest concentration is in the inflorescences of female plants.
It is also the most psychoactive component of Hemp and is responsible for many of the medicinal properties of the plant and is responsible for the narcotic effect, i.e. feeling high.
It is practically insoluble in water, dissolves in organic solvents, e.g. alcohol and fats. THC itself shows some side effects even at low doses, such as 10 mg / day, which unfortunately limits the therapeutic possibilities .
The use of THC in medicine:
- relieves pain symptoms – research has shown that THC activates pathways in the central nervous system that block the pain signals sent to the brain, helpful in neuropathic pain;
- antiemetic – effectively helps to fight nausea and reduce the gag reflex;
- stimulates the appetite – which is extremely effective in people with anorexia;
- helps to heal and relieve symptoms of asthma;
- helps in the treatment of glaucoma by reducing the pressure in the eyeball in patients;
- works to make you sleepy;
- provides relaxation of physical or mental tension.
Based on research by scientists from Leiden University, it has been shown that the content of the most important cannabinoids THC and CBD is not a criterion for finding differences between indica and sativa strains. In both variants, the THC concentrations are nowadays essentially high and the CBD concentrations very low.
This allowed us to conclude that subjective differences between sativa and indica strains may be based on other CBG and CBC cannabinoids as well as differences in the composition of terpenes (essential oils).
A 2016 study found that cannabis use can be helpful in treating alcohol and opioid addiction .